“Dearest Reader, It’s Up to You”: Articulating the Theory of Aesthetic Response and Metafiction in Ian McEwan’s Sweet Tooth / “Querido leitor, depende de você”: uma leitura de Sweet Tooth, de Ian McEwan, de acordo com a teoria do efeito estético e a metaficção

Caio Antônio Nóbrega, Genilda Azerêdo

Resumo


Abstract: In this paper, we aim at discussing the figure of the reader and the reading processes in Ian McEwan’s novel Sweet Tooth. To do so, we propose an articulation between the theoretical discourses on metafiction and the theory of aesthetic response. Drawing from theoretical frameworks elaborated mainly by Iser (1972, 1978, 1989, 2006) – regarding the theory of aesthetic response – and by Hutcheon (1980, 2000) and Waugh (1984) – regarding metafiction – we understand parody and mise en abyme as two metafictional procedures that constitute the structure of the implied reader. In this sense, if these metafictional creative strategies make the reading activity more complex, they also function as guiding systems to the reader, allowing him to pursue answers to the enigmas articulated within the novel. Parody and mise en abyme, for McEwan, are powerful tools in what we might perceive as a project to develop more proficient readers.

Keywords: theory of aesthetic response; implied reader; metafiction; parody; mise en abyme; Ian McEwan; Sweet Tooth.

Resumo: Neste artigo, objetivamos discutir a figura do leitor e os processos de leitura no romance Sweet Tooth, de Ian McEwan. Para tanto, propomos uma articulação entre os discursos teóricos sobre metaficção e a teoria do efeito estético. Baseando-nos especialmente em estudos de Iser (1972, 1978, 1989, 2006) – em relação à teoria do efeito estético – e de Hutcheon (1980, 2000) e Waugh (1984) – referentes à metaficção – compreendemos paródia e mise en abyme como duas estratégias metaficcionais que constituem a estrutura do leitor implícito. Nesse sentido, se tais estratégias tornam a leitura do romance mais complexa, elas também funcionam como guias para o leitor, permitindo que ele persiga respostas para os enigmas instituídos na narrativa. Paródia e mise en abyme, para McEwan, são ferramentas robustas no que percebemos como um projeto para desenvolver leitores mais proficientes.

Palavras-chave: teoria do efeito estético; leitor implícito; metaficção; paródia; mise en abyme; Ian McEwan; Sweet Tooth.


Palavras-chave


theory of aesthetic response; implied reader; metafiction; parody; mise en abyme; Ian McEwan; Sweet Tooth; teoria do efeito estético; leitor implícito; metaficção; paródia.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.29.4.141-164

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Direitos autorais 2019 Caio Antônio Nóbrega, Genilda Azerêdo

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Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
ISSN 1679-3749 (impressa) / ISSN 2317-2096 (eletrônica)

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.