"A wheat may change into a zunin and a male hyena into a bat": Transformation of Plants and Animals in the Literature of the Jewish Sages

Abraham Ofir Shemesh

Resumo


A prevalent Talmudic theory claims that both animals and plants can change, whether in the development process of the embryo or throughout the life of the organism. The current article analyzes the concept of the transformation. It shows that this view was rooted in Greco-Roman literature and the Jewish sages derived their outlook from the classical world with which they were familiar.


Palavras-chave


Talmud. Animals and Plants. Greco-Roman literature.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ARISTOTLE. History of Animals. Volume II: Books 4-6. Translated by A. L. Peck. Loeb Classical Library 438. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.

BEBIS, George S. Introduction to the Liturgical Theology of St. Basil the Great. Greek Orthodox Theological Review 42, 3-4 (1997): 273-285.

CHIZIK, Baruch. A Treasury of Plants. Herzlia: The author Publication, 1952 [Hebrew].

CORONA, Gabriella (Ed.). Ælfric's Life of Saint Basil the Great: Background and Context. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2006.

DOR, Menaḥem. Animal Life in the Times of the Bible, the Talmud and the Mishna. Tel Aviv: Grapor-Daftal, 1997 [Hebrew].

FEINBRUN-DOTAN, Naomi and DANIN, Avinoam. Analytical Flora of Eretz-Israel. Jerusalem: Cana Publishing House, 1991 [Hebrew].

FELIX, Yehuda. Mixed Sowing Breeding and Grafting. Tel Aviv: Dvir Press, 1967 [Hebrew].

FELIX, Yehuda. Nature and Land in the Bible: Chapters on Biblical Ecology. Jerusalem: Reuven Mass, 1992 [Hebrew].

FINKELSTEIN, Eliezer Arye. Sifre on Deuteronomy. New York: Theological Seminary of America, 1969 [Hebrew].

GINZBERG, Louis. The Legends of the Jews. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1942.

GOULD, Stephen Jay. Hyena Myths and Realities. Natural History 90 (1981): 16-24.

LIEBERMAN, Saul. Hellenism in Jewish Palestine. New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1962.

R. NATHAN me-Romi. Sefer HaArukh Ḥanoch. Ḥanoch Yehuda Kohut Edition. New York: Pardes, 1955.

OVID. Metamorphoses.Translated by A.D. Melville; with an introduction and notes by E.J. Kenney. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

PLINY. Naturalis Historia. Translated by H. Rackham. Loeb Classical Library. London: W. Heinemann, 1949.

THEODOR, Julius and ALBECK, Ḥanoch. Genesis Rababh. Berlin: Itzkowski, 1903.

THOMSON, Robert W. The Syriac Version of the Hexaemeron by Basil of Caesarea, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium. Lovanii: Peeters 1995.

ZOHARY, Zohary, The Segetal Plant Communities of Palestine. Vegetatio, 2, 6 (1950): 387-411.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/1982-3053.11.20.2-13

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




© Copyright 2007 Arquivo Maaravi: Revista Digital de Estudos Judaicos da UFMG - ISSN: 1982-3053.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.