Os adjetivos qualificativos presentes nos DPs referenciais do português brasileiro

Cristina de Souza Prim

Abstract


Resumo: Buscamos apresentar uma nova forma de analisar a sintaxe e a semântica dos adjetivos que ocorrem dentro dos NP/DPs do português brasileiro. Defendemos que os adjetivos são gerados à direita do nome, em adjunção, com exceção dos exclusivamente pré-nominais, e que são os adjetivos, e não os nomes, que se movem para uma posição mais alta que o nome. A motivação do movimento parte do determinante, que, a depender de seus traços, oferece ambiente para hospedagem do adjetivo qualificativo movido. No caso dos DPs referenciais, o determinante que é específico projeta uma categoria TopP, capaz de receber o adjetivo, também específico. Caso o determinante não seja específico, não há projeção que possa receber o adjetivo qualificativo, pois TopP não é projetado nestes casos, e, por isso, o adjetivo não pode se mover. Esta proposta dá conta de explicar o comportamento dos adjetivos qualificativos nos DPs referenciais do português. 

Palavras-chave: movimento do adjetivo; tópico; especificidade; adjetivos qualificativos.

Abstract: We sought to present a new way of analyzing the syntax and semantics of adjectives in NP/DPs of Brazilian Portuguese. We argue that adjectives are generated on the right side of the noun, as adjuncts, except the exclusively prenominal ones, and that adjectives, not nouns, move to higher positions. Regarding the referential DPs, the specific determiner projects a TopP category able to receive the adjective, which is also specific. If the determiner is not specific, there is no projection to receive the qualifying adjective because, in this case, there is not a projected TopP, and, therefore, the adjective cannot be moved. This proposal explains the behavior of qualifying adjectives in Portuguese referential DPs.

Keywords: Adjective Movement; Topic; Specificity; Qualifying Adjectives.


Keywords


Adjective Movement; Topic; Specificity; Qualifying Adjectives.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.25.1.9-43

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