40 anos de Metaphors we live by: considerações sobre a teoria das metáforas conceituais de Lakoff e Johnson / 40 years of Metaphors we live by: remarks on Lakoff and Johnson’s theory of conceptual metaphors

Gustavo Augusto Fonseca Silva

Abstract


Resumo: No ensaio “Cognitive linguistics and autonomous linguistics”, publicado em 2007 no Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics, John R. Taylor sugere o diálogo e mesmo a integração da linguística cognitiva com outras vertentes de estudos da linguagem. Seguindo essa linha argumentativa, reanalisa-se neste artigo a teoria das metáforas conceituais de George Lakoff e Mark Johnson. O objetivo é explicitar os excessos empíricos e retóricos cometidos por esses autores desde a publicação do livro Metaphors we live by, há 40 anos, como consequência em grande medida de seu ataque à gramática gerativa de Noam Chomsky. Com isso, espera-se facilitar a aproximação entre o gerativismo e o cognitivismo, já iniciada por pesquisadores como o próprio Taylor, Ray Jackendoff, Peter Culicover, Alan Prince e Paul Smolensky.

Palavras-chave: Linguística cognitiva; metáforas conceituais. George Lakoff; Mark Johnson; Metaphors we live by.

Abstract: In his essay Cognitive Linguistics and Autonomous Linguistics, published in the 2007 Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, John R. Taylor suggests dialogue and even integration between cognitive linguistics and other approaches in language studies. Following Taylor’s line of argument this article reviews George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s theory of conceptual metaphor. This study intends to address both authors’ empirical and rhetorical excesses since publishing Metaphors we live by forty years ago as an outcome of their rejection of Noam Chomsky’s generative grammar. Thus, it is expected to further converge generativism and cognitivism, as already initiated by researchers such as Taylor, Ray Jackendoff, Peter Culicover, Alan Prince, and Paul Smolensky.

Keywords: Cognitive linguistics; conceptual metaphors. George Lakoff; Mark Johnson; Metaphors we live by.


Keywords


Linguística cognitiva; metáforas conceituais. George Lakoff; Mark Johnson; Metaphors we live by; Cognitive linguistics; conceptual metaphors. George Lakoff; Mark Johnson; Metaphors we live by.

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