A identificação da fala interna por meio da eletromiografia de superfície e da encefalografia: uma revisão de escopo / The Identification of Internal Speech Through Surface Electromyography and Encephalography: a Scope Review

Kyvia Fernanda Tenório da Silva, Susana Carvalho, Miguel José Alves de Oliveira Júnior

Abstract


Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar uma revisão de escopo sobre a identificação da fala interna por meio da eletromiografia de superfície e da encefalografia. Foi realizada uma busca na literatura dos últimos cinco anos (2015 a 2020), utilizando-se descritores em inglês e português, organizados de acordo com a seguinte sintaxe: (“silent speech” OR “inner speech” OR “covert speech” OR “self-talk” OR “imaginary speech”) AND (electromyography OR electromyographies OR “surface electromyography” “electromyographies, surface” OR “electromyography, surface” OR “surface electromyographies” OR electromyogram OR electromyograms OR electroencephalography OR EEG OR electroencephalogram OR electroencephalograms), sem incluir citações e patentes em diferentes bases de dados. A conceituação de fala interna diferiu entre os estudos incluídos nesta revisão, mas teve similaridade quanto à ausência de som e movimento articulatório. O propósito das pesquisas que analisaram os biossinais da eletroencefalografia e/ou eletromiografia de superfície na fala interna comparando-os ou não com a fala audível era desenvolver sistemas que sejam controlados pelo processamento mental da língua.

 

Palavras-chave: eletroencefalografia; eletromiografia; fala interna.


Abstract: The aim of this article is to present a scope review on the identification of internal speech through surface electromyography and encephalography. A search was performed in the literature of the last five years (2015 to 2020), using descriptors in English and Portuguese, organized according to the following syntax: (“silent speech” OR “inner speech” OR “covert speech” OR “self-talk” OR “imaginary speech”) AND (electromyography OR electromyographies OR “surface electromyography” “electromyographies, surface” OR “electromyography, surface” OR “surface electromyographies” OR electromyogram OR electromyograms OR electroencephalography OR EEG OR electroencephalogram OR electroencephalograms), not including citations and patents in different databases. The concept of internal speech differed among the studies included in this review, but it was similar in terms of the absence of sound and articulatory movement. The purpose of the research that analyzed the biosignals of electroencephalography and/or surface electromyography in internal speech, comparing them or not with audible speech, was to develop systems that are controlled by the mental processing of the language.


Keywords: surface electromyography; electroencephalography; inner speech.


Keywords


eletroencefalografia; eletromiografia; fala interna; surface electromyography; electroencephalography; inner speech.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.0.0.%25p

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