A construção de macroproposições: a influência do conhecimento prévio na aplicação de macrorregras semânticas

Ilza Maria Tavares Gualberto


The aim of this text was to investigate how subjects with differentprevious knowledge (low, medium and high) constructmacropropositions in the reading of an informative text about athe history of “The Great Navigations”. In order to make themacroproposition construction clear, semantic macrorules by vanDIJK were used (1977). Through this work we tried to analyse theinfluence of previous knowledge on the semantic transformation –macrorules – made by the reader during the processs ofmacrostructure construction.


MEYERS, Bonnie J. F. Prose Analysis: purposes, procedures and problems. In: BRITTON, B.K.; BLACK, J.B. (Ed.). Undertanding expository texts. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1985. Cap.2, p. 11-65.

SANTOS, Joel Rufino dos. História do Brasil. São Paulo: Marco, 1989.

TRABASSO, Tom, SPERRY, Linda. Causal relatedness and importance of story events. Journal of Memory and Language, v. 24, p. 595-611, 1985.

VAN DEN BROEK, Paul. Causal inferences and the comprehension of narrative texts. In: GRAESSER, A. C.; BOWER, G.H. Inferences and text comprehension. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990. p. 175-196.

VAN DIJK, Teun A. Text and context. London: Longman, 1977.

VAN DIJK, Teun A.; KINTSCH, Walter. Strategies of discourse comprehension. New Jersey: Academic Press, 1983.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.8.2.5-22


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

e - ISSN 2237-2083 


Licensed through  Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional