Cognição e linguagem: introduzindo alguns problemas

Carla Viana Coscarelli


In this paper we try to present the connectionst approach ofcomprehension, and some of the problems that this or any othermodel of comprehension needs to face. Among the problems, wemay mention the necessity to consider the discursive and pragmaticcontext in which language is used, as well as an embodied perspectiveof mind – intelligence must be seen as something that happens in amind that belongs to a body that by its turn lives in a social universe.We also mention the classic problem of how the information thatcomes from different sources and that is received by differentmechanisms in the brains is processed and integrated.


Cognition; Language; Comprehension model


DAMÁSIO, Antônio R. O erro de Descartes. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1996.

ELMAN, J. L. An alternative view of the mental lexicon. Trends in Cognitive Science. USA: Elsevier, 2004a.

ELMAN, J. L. Connectionism, artificial life, and dynamical systems: new approaches for old questions. San Diego: UCSD, 2004b. Disponível em: DynSys.pdf.

ELMAN, J. L. Language as a dynamical system. In: PORT, Robert F.; van GELDER, T. (Ed.). Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995. p. 195-223.

ELMAN, J. L.; HARE, M.; McRAE, K. Cues, constraints, and competition in sentence processing. In: TOMASELLO, M.; SLOBIN, D. (Ed.). Beyond Nature-Nurture: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Bates. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (No prelo.)

FASTREZ, Pierre. Navigation Hypertextuelle et acquisition de connaissances. 2002. Tese (Doutorado) – Université Catholique de Louvain, Bruxelas, 2002.

FAUCONNIER, Gilles; TURNER, Mark. The Way We Think. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

FODOR, J. The modularity of mind. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1983.

FRAZIER, L. On comprehending sentences: Syntactic parsing strategies. Bloomington, In: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 1979.

FRAZIER, L. Constraint satisfaction as a theory of sentence processing. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 24, p. 434-468, 1995.

GRADY, Joseph. Cognitive mechanisms of conceptual integration. Cognitive Linguistics, v. 11, n. 3-4, p. 335-345, 2000.

HOFSTADTER, Douglas. Fluid concepts and creative analogies. New York, Basic Books, 1995.

HUTCHINS, E. Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1995.

MATURANA, H. R., VARELA, F. J. A árvore do conhecimento – as bases biológicas da compreensão humana. São Paulo: Palas Athena, 2001.

NÚÑEZ, Rafael; LAKOFF, George. Where mathematics come from? New York: Basic Books, 2000.

RAMACHANDRAN, V. S.; BLAKESLEE, S. Phantoms in the brain. New York: HarperCollins, 1998.

SACKS, Oliver. The man who mistook his wife for a hat. New York: Touchstone, 1970/1998.

van den BROEK, Paul; YOUNG, Michael; TZENG, Yuhtsuen; LINDERHOLM, Tracy. Landscape model of reading: inferences and the online construction of a memory representation. In: OOSTENDORP, Herre van; GOLDMAN, Susan R. (Ed.). The construction of mental representations during reading. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999. p. 71-98.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

e - ISSN 2237-2083 


Licensed through  Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional